Seaplane Truck Launch
Boeing 314 Clipper, PanAm
Air Canada 143 - The Gimli Glide
“John, in low-fuel situations pilots are often reluctant to declare an emergency and they’ll use the term minimum fuel. Is Minimum fuel going to get you on the ground any faster?”
“No. Minimum fuel will not, and that’s very important to understand. It is not a declaration of an emergency. It’s merely a statement that is saying that you cannot accept any holding or other delays. It also means to ATC that you do have enough fuel to make it to your destination.”
Student Pilot reporting a fuel problem
edited audio from www.liveatc.net
Fuel Exhaustion - No usable fuel remains on the aircraft; run out of fuel.
Fuel Starvation - Usable fuel remains on the aircraft, but it is not available to the engines.
Fuel Contamination - Any foreign substance (water, oil, ice, dirt, sand, bugs) in the correct type of fuel for the given powerplant(s).
Wrong Fuel - Fuel supplied to the powerplant(s) is incorrect (e.g.: Jet A into a piston powerplant; 80 octane into a powerplant requiring 100 octane).
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Picture from Hindsight Magazine 10 – Winter 2009 (Eurocontrol)
Boeing X Airbus
Ilyushin IL-18 - RTO (rejected take off)
a) overrun on take off
b) overrun on landing
c) directional control
d) undershoot on landing
e) wrong runway use
On 24th December 2000, a Hawaiian Airlines DC10 overran the runway at Tahiti after landing long on a wet runway having encountered crosswinds and turbulence on approach in thunderstorms.
UAL 930 Heavy - Lightning Strike
pilot - air traffic controller interaction taken from www.liveatc.net